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Interessante destinationer og seværdigheder i Delhi
The magnificent Red Fort or Lal Qila was built by the emperor Shah Jahan and is a part of the walled city of Shahjahanabad. Within its fortifications are exquisite palaces, a finely proportioned mosque, the Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque, the Diwan-i-Am or hall of public audience and the finely ornamented Diwan- i-Khas or hall of private audience, where the Mughal emperors held court seated on the bejewelled golden Peacock Throne.
Located just opposite the fort is the imposing Jama Masjid with its black and white striped onion domes and minarets, one of the largest and the most elegant mosques in India.
Another magnificent Mughal building, the tomb of the emperor Humayun was built by his wife in 1565-66. Set in a square enclosed garden, the finely proportioned structure in red sandstone and marble served later as a model for the Taj Mahal.
At the heart of the elegant capital city, laid out by the British, is the India Gate. A memorial dedicated to Indian soldiers killed in war, the elegant 42 metre arch in buff coloured sandstone stands at the end of the ceremonial avenue, the Rajpath.
The elegant circular and colonnaded Parliament House stands close by; Built in buff and red sandstone, the beautifully proportioned structure has a circumference of nearly one third of a mile.
The imposing Presidential palace flanked by the splendid towers and cupolas of the Secretariat buildings is located on Raisina Hill, overlooking the Rajpath.
Dominating the ruins of the earliest existing settlement of Delhi is the city's famous landmark- the Qutub Minar. The imposing victory tower 73 meter high was built by Qutbuddin Aibak (1192-98) the founder of the Slave Dynasty The tapering, fluted structure has five storeys, each marked by intricately carved projections or balconies.
Elaborately carved pillars - which come from Hindu temples of the earlier settlement of Qila Rai Pithora embellish the courtyard of a nearby mosque. At the centre of the courtyard is the amazing Iron Pillar-the dhvaja stambha (flag pole) of a Vishnu Temple (4th- 5th century AD). Cast in a process that is lost to the present world, the 7.2 metre pillar has not rusted through the centuries. Other interesting structures in the vicinity include the base of another unfinished tower - the Alai Minar.
Bahai's House of Worship
Beautifully designed, the Bahai House of Worship ( also known as the Lotus Temple) is built in the shape of a lotus. Its petals constructed in concrete and faced with white marble have an extraordinary lightness. Nine pools of water around the structure add to the illusion of a lotus floating in water.
Delhi er forbundshovedstad
Areal: 1.483 km²
Andel der kan læse/skrive: 76%
Hovedsprog: Hindi, Engelsk
Afgrøder: hirse, sukkerrør, hvede
The name Delhi, first recorded in the Ist century BC, was applied to a succession of cities built on this site before the present city was founded in 1638 by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. The first city was built in the 12th century AD by the Chauhan ruler Prithviraj. It was captured by Muslims in 1193 and became capital of a Muslim empire in India under Qutub-ud-Din Aybak, builder of the -,Qutub Minar tower. Muslim control ended with the capture and destruction of Delhi in the late 14th century by the Mongol conqueror Taimurlang. Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty in India, restored Delhi to capital status in 1526, and his son Humayun built a new city here. In 1540 it was seized and destroyed by the Afghan invader Sher Shah, and was replaced by another new city. Akbar, the son of Humayun, recaptured Delhi but moved his capital to Agra and allowed Delhi to fall into ruins.
It was rebuilt in its present form and restored as the Mughal capital by Akbar's Grandson Shah Jahan in the 1600s. Delhi remained the Mughal capital until 1739, when it was conquered and looted of its treasures, including the famous Peacock Throne, by the Persian ruler Nadir Shah. Around 1771, the Marathas gained control and remained in power until British forces seized the city in 1803, Delhi was the temporary capital of British India from 1912 to 1931, when New Delhi was officially inaugurated as the capital. Delhi has grown rapidly, in both industry and population, since India pined independence from Great Britain in 1947. Today Delhi ranks as the third largest city in India, after Mumbai and Calcutta.
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© Mogens Engelund, Roskilde, 12. april 2004