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Assam

- informationer, seværdigheder og diverse "nyttigheder"



Interessante destinationer og seværdigheder i Assam

Guwahati
Situated on the banks of the Brahmputra river, Guwahati is the gateway to the north-eastern India. Guwahati-said to be a the legendary Pragijyotishpur or city of eastern light-is a, busy and crowded city as per its name-Guwa meaning areca nut and Hat meaning market or market for areca nuts.Guwahati is the junction of NH-31, 37 and 40.

Kaziranga
Kaziranga (217 kms from Guwahati) National park in Assam. Home of great Indian One horned Rhinoceros, breeding place of pelican. Other wild lives are elephant, tiger, buffalo, deer, wild ducks & geese, heron reptiles and many more.
Kaziranga National Park, the oldest in Assam lies partly in Golaghat district and partly in the Nagaon district of Assam. In covers an area of 430 sq. km. It is the best home of the great Indian one-homed rhinoceros. The landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes and shallow pools.
The park was first established in 1908 as a reserve forest with only about a dozen rhinos and was declared a National Park in 1974. Apart from great one-homed Rhinos, tigers are there in sizable numbers, other attractions are wild buffalo, magnificent swamp deer , hog deer, wild boar , hoolok gibbon, capped langur and ratel.
Mihimukh is the starting area for the park and elephants can be hired from here to enter the sanctuary.

Sibsagar
Sibsagar was the capital of the mighty Ahomas who ruled Assam for more than 600 years before the advent of the British rule. The town literally means the Ocean of Shiva. The Shiva temple with its golden dome is believed to be among the tallest Hindu temples in India. About six kilometers lies seven storied palace, three of which are below the ground level -known as Talatar Ghar and the rest above -known as Kareng Ghar .Rang Ghar is a two storied oval -shaped pavilion, from which Ahom royalties used to watch elephant fights and other sporting events. It was built by king Pramatta Singha (1744-1751 AD). Gargaon, the principal town of the Ahoms, lies 13 kilometers east of Sibsagar .The old palace was destroyed and the present seven storied was rebuilt around 1762 AD by king Rajeshwar Singha. The Jaysagar tank was built by King Rudra Singha in 1967. On its bank are three temples -Joydol, Shivdol and Devidol. Eight kilometers from Sibsagar is the Rudrasagar tank built by king Lakshmi Singha in 1773. Twenty eight kilometers east of Sibsagar is Charaideo, original capital of the Ahom kings is famous for numerous Amaidams or burial vaults of the members of the royalty . About 22 kilometers from Sibsagar at Saraguri stands Ajan Pir Dargah Sarif who was the first Muslim saint to compose Azirik in Assamese language. On the day of his Urs thousands of devotees gather here to pay homage to this great Muslim reformer.

Tezpur
Known as Sonitpur in mythology it conjures up the image of the romantic legend of Usha and Aniruhda, son of Lord Krishna. The ruins of Anigarh, where this immortal romance blossomed in the post- Mahabharata era still bear mute testimony to this legend. Few kilometers from Tezpur lies 'Da -Parbatia' finest and oldest specimen of sculptures which date back to 5th and 6th centuries. Other architectural remains include the' Agnigarh' and 'Bamuni hills', the 'Bhairavi' and 'Bamuni hills', the 'Bhairavi' and 'Mahabhairab' temples and the twin tanks of 'Bar Pukhuri' and 'Padum Pukhuri'. 'Bhaluk -pung' -60 kilometers from Tezpur has hot springs and huge orchid gardens. Bhaluk -Pung is a favourite angling spot and a gateway 10 Bomdila and Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. About 50 km from Tezpur , off the road to Arurnachal Pradesh, lies 'Eco camp', a unique experiment by the Assam Anglers Association and the State Forest Department. Visitors can do river rafting guided by experts.

Manas National Park
The only Tiger project in Assam Manas is one of the most magnificent national Park situated on the bank of the Manas river with the nack drop of Sub-Himalayan hills. It is well known as one of the world heritage sites, its unique combination of scenic beauty and rare wealth of wildlife. Apart from tiger, the rarest species of hispid animals-Pigmy Hog and Golden langur-are found here.

Majuli
Majuli, situated in the midst of the Brahmputra river, is a centre of Vaishnavite culture with a number of Satras (Monastries). This is the largest riverine town in the world. The river provides the backdrop for the historic "Moni kanchan Sanjog" between Assam's pioneeer Vaishnavite saints Shankardeva and his disciple Madhabdeva in 15th century. Ever since that meeting of the great minds and the subsequent establishment of "Satras" that followed, Majuli emerged as the carving glory of Vaishnavite culture in Assam.
Majuli is dominated by the Mishing tribe which came down from the hills of Arunachal Pradesh many years ago and is among the only tribal riverine community in the Assam valley. -Their handlooms are exquisite, particularly the colourful MlRIZEN shawls and blankets which can be used as wall hangings or even as bedcovers.

Dibrugarh
Debugger is one of Assam’s major tea centers. Tea gardens and the Himalayas a combination that is quite heady, but then that is what Dibrugarh is at first sight. Heady. Located along the river Brahmaputra sometimes it is referred to as the gateway to some districts of Arunachal Pradesh. It is the largest tea exporting town in India.

Digboi
Digboi is Assam's oil city with a history going back to the early 18th century, when oil was first discovered in the area. The surrounding forest is also a heaven for bird life. There is an 18-hole golf course and a British Second world war cemetery nearby.


Assam

Delstatshovedstad: Dispur
Areal: 78.348 km²
Befolkning: 22.294.562
Andel der kan læse/skrive: 58%
Hovedsprog: Assamese, Bengali


Here the visual delights more that the remains of history in one of the greenest and loveliest states of India, Assam , is a gift of nature. The valleys and plains are one of the most fertile regions in the country. The terraced landscape is carpeted with miles upon miles of tea gardens, producing the famous Assam Broke, CTC and Orthodox teas that cheer millions of people around the world. Animals, birds and a mosaic of races and tribes create a vibrantly alive kaleidoscope in Assam, a land with a rich cultural and crafts heritage.




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© Mogens Engelund, Roskilde, 12. april 2004
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Opdateret d. 15.4.2004